When Will the Federal Government LEGALIZE IT?

As every cannabis enthusiast knows, there has been a growing push in recent years to deschedule marijuana and its many constituent cannabinoids. Public opinion has shifted significantly since cannabis was initially criminalized nearly a century ago with the passing of the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 (1), and the American people are ready for a change.

 

The shift in public sentiment towards cannabis products begs the question, when will the US government follow the will of the people and deschedule all cannabis products? No one can predict the future, but there are a few compelling reasons to believe that change is on the wind.

The Current State of Cannabis Legalization

President Trump signed the Farm Bill into law on December 20, 2018 (2). This revolutionary piece of legislation legalized both hemp cultivation and the production of cannabidiol (CBD) products derived from the male cannabis plants. As a result of this bill, it’s now possible for people in all 50 states to shop for CBD products online and have them shipped to their doorsteps without fear of legal repercussions.

 

To comply with current federal laws, CBD products must be derived from hemp, not marijuana, and they must contain 0.3% THC or less. The 2018 Farm Bill left it up to individual states to decide whether residents and visitors could produce, purchase, or use CBD products within their boundaries, but as of 2020, 47 states had given their seal of approval to local CBD sales.

 

Even in the three states that continue to restrict cannabidiol production and sales, cannabis users can still buy CBD online from elsewhere in the country. What they can’t do is purchase dietary or health supplements that contain CBD. Despite the legalization of cannabidiol in 2018, these products are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and cannot be included in or advertised as health supplements (3).

 

While CBD is now legal on a federal level, marijuana remains a Schedule I controlled substance alongside genuinely dangerous drugs like heroin, ecstasy, and LSD (4). As of 2021, 18 states, two US territories, and the District of Columbia have passed their own bills to decriminalize, or even legalize, medical and recreational marijuana (5). However, cultivating, selling, and using marijuana products remains illegal on a federal level.

Congress Introduces Bill to Compel FDA Approval of CBD

Like many Americans, some federal lawmakers are becoming fed up with the FDA’s failure to take swift action to approve cannabidiol and the other non-psychoactive components found in cannabis plants. A handful of congress members from both sides of the aisle recently introduced bill H.R. 841 for consideration (6).

 

The new bill introduced to Congress is identical to an initial proposal introduced in the last session, H.R. 8179. It seeks to compel the FDA to approve not just CBD, but also 100% of the other non-psychoactive cannabinoids and terpenes found in hemp plants, for use in dietary supplements. Should H.R. 841 pass, it will reduce regulatory uncertainty and ensure that American consumers have access to safe, effective supplements.

What About Federal Marijuana Legalization?

While the legalization of CBD was viewed by cannabis enthusiasts as a huge step in the right direction, the Farm Bill of 2018 and subsequent laws only apply to hemp plants that contain less than 0.3% THC. This small step towards legalization has done little to assuage the concerns of marijuana advocates, who tend to view it as insufficient to address the needs of American consumers and the wrongs committed in the name of the War on Drugs.

 

The good news is, marijuana users have every reason to be hopeful that this unsustainable situation will change soon. Senators Schumer, Wyden, and Booker unveiled a draft of an extensive new bill in July called the Cannabis Administration and Opportunity Act (7). Currently, the Senators are requesting input from advocates and stakeholders regarding the details of the bill, which would federally deschedule cannabis. If passed, this revolutionary bill would also:

 

  • Expunge prior convictions for marijuana-related crimes
  • Allow convicted offenders to petition for resentencing
  • Give states the authority to set their own local marijuana policies
  • Remove collateral consequences for people who have already been convicted of a marijuana-related offense, such as immigration-related penalties
  • Impose a federal marijuana tax
  • Fund grant programs to support communities most impacted by prohibition

 

If passed, the bill will deschedule marijuana, along with all of its constituent components, including THC. As a result, regulatory authority over all cannabis products would be transferred out of the hands of the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) and placed under the authority of the FDA, ATF, and TTB.

Undo Some of the Damage Done by the War on Drugs

The senators responsible for introducing the Cannabis Administration and Opportunity Act are well aware of its potentially beneficial implications. They don’t just want to deschedule marijuana. They also want to undo some of the harms done by the ongoing War on Drugs.

 

As the senators pointed out in a summary of the bill, the War on Drugs has more often turned into “a war on people.” Federal marijuana prohibition has allowed law enforcement officers to target communities of color and reinforced the inequitable systems already in place in American society.

 

Although many states have moved to decriminalize or legalize marijuana on a local level, those communities that have been most harmed by the War on Drugs have so far had the fewest opportunities to benefit from the legal marijuana marketplace. The new bill seeks to remove barriers to entry for those most affected by current and historical federal laws.

The Future Looks Bright for Legalization

So, when will the federal government legalize cannabis? There’s still no definitive end in sight, but the light at the end of the tunnel is getting brighter every day.

 

References

The Top 5 Celebrities Who LOVE CBD Products

In many ways, celebrities are just like normal people. Just like everyone, they have to work to maintain wellness routines that keep them in great physical, mental, and emotional shape. These days, more celebrities than ever are endorsing the use of CBD products to support wellness and help with managing all those little daily stressors that everyone faces, including the rich and famous.

What Is CBD And Why Is It So Popular?

Before discussing the top five celebrities who use and endorse CBD products, it’s worth taking a moment to clarify what this article is talking about. First off, CBD is not marijuana. It’s a non-psychoactive, all-natural wellness product derived from cannabis plants that contains little to no THC.

Although most people use CBD oil for wellness support, there are all kinds of new CBD products worth trying. Some celebrities stick to the traditional oils and tinctures, while others use, create, or endorse skincare products, edibles, and even CBD pet treats. Since all of these products are made from natural herbal extracts, they’re generally considered very safe and can form the backbone of anyone’s daily wellness routine.

Now that readers know what CBD is, and what it’s not, let’s take a look at the top celebrities who use CBD themselves and go out of their way to raise awareness of its many benefits.

1. Beyoncé

Beyoncé may be a late-comer to the CBD game compared to some since she just discovered her love of this hemp-based product on her last tour. That said, she’s also one of the best-known celebrities to endorse CBD, and as she is wont to do, the R&B queen has jumped into her new passion head-on.

Beyoncé isn’t just using CBD herself and touting its benefits for managing soreness, inflammation, and restless nights on tour. Her newfound love of this popular herbal supplement has also inspired her to donate $10,000 from her foundation BeyGood to The Gift, a Black-owned cannabis company in Maryland (1). Rumor is, Queen Bey is also planning to help her husband Jay-Z incorporate a hemp/CBD line into his cannabis company Monogram sometime soon (2).

2. Martha Stewart

In previous decades, Martha Stewart was best known for her popular cooking show. These days, though, Stewart has branched out to explore new interests. In 2019, this well-known TV personality began producing hemp-based CBD products through a partnership with the company Canopy Growth (3). In 2021, Canopy Growth named Stewart its official strategic advisor (4).

Initially, Martha Stewart’s involvement with the CBD industry was limited to pet products. More recently, though, she’s expanded her reach in terms of both business ventures and advocacy work to incorporate food products, cosmetics, and more. Stewart has used plenty of CBD herself and treats it as a daily additive to her overall wellness routine, so she truly believes in what she’s doing for her fans.

3. Michael J. Fox

Michael J. Fox does more than just act as an advocate for CBD use. Since he was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease in 1991, he has been looking for ways to help others struggling with the condition to find relief. In 2000, he established the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research, which is now funding multiple cannabis-related studies to provide scientific evidence of its effectiveness at alleviating symptoms (5).

To be clear, Fox is not claiming to have found a cure for Parkinson’s in CBD. He is, however, a huge supporter of cannabinoid research and development, and frequently discusses his use of CBD and other cannabis products for symptom management. As Fox and others are quick to point out, CBD is a non-psychoactive, natural, and non-habit-forming wellness product that can benefit just about anyone, not just people with complex health problems.

4. Mike Tyson

Mike Tyson originally made a name for himself as a boxing champion, but these days, he’s better known for championing CBD use. Tyson actively advocates for the use of not just CBD oils, but also other potentially valuable cannabis products, including muscle pain ointments, hemp-infused drinks, and even marijuana.

Tyson entered the cannabis markets in 2016 when he started the company Tyson Holistic Holdings Inc. Today, his vision has grown to incorporate not just new CBD and other cannabis products, but also a massive “weed resort” in Southern California (6). He wants to use the resort to help others discover the benefits of CBD and marijuana.

5. Kim Kardashian

Kim Kardashian is one of the best-known personalities in the reality TV world. She’s also an incredibly outspoken advocate for CBD, claiming to be “obsessed with CBD everything!” In 2019, she even hosted a CBD baby shower for her fourth child (7). That’s how serious she is about embracing all things CBD in her own life.

According to Kim, CBD has played a huge role in her home wellness routine. When she’s feeling overwhelmed, she finds that it can help her to use some CBD oil or smoke hemp flower and get down to some serious business on a yoga mat. Plenty of her fans have also followed her good example and are now working to improve their own home wellness and stress management routines.

Everyone Loves CBD

People love to keep up with what celebrities are doing in their personal lives, so it should come as no surprise that celebrity CBD endorsements can make some serious waves with fans. Millions of Americans use CBD oils, tinctures, edibles, flowers, and skincare products, and more people are trying out these safe, natural products every day. Those who are on the fence about CBD need only look to the celebrities they trust the most for advice. Most of them are in agreement: CBD has all kinds of benefits, and it makes a perfect addition to any wellness routine.

 

 

References

CBD and the FDA: How Cannabidiol is Regulated

CBD is a hot topic of conversation these days. While well-known cannabis companies are jockeying for position in this growing market, we’re now seeing household names—like Ben and Jerry’s and CVS Pharmacy—throwing their hats into the ring. In this guide, we’ll offer a brief background on the differences between THC and CBD, and we will review the US government’s regulatory framework on CBD products.

 

What’s the Difference Between Full- and Broad-Spectrum CBD Products?

The industry is always changing, and there’s always something new hitting the market. Not all CBD products are created equal, and full-spectrum CBD is just one of many options. When choosing products, you’ll likely hear about:

  • Full-spectrum cannabidiol
  • CBD isolates
  • Broad-spectrum CBD

Full-spectrum products contain multiple cannabis extracts, including low levels of THC. However, the concentration of THC in these products is typically well below the government’s .03% threshold, so they don’t bring on the psychoactive effects for which cannabis is known.

Conversely, CBD isolates are cannabidiol in its purest form; they don’t contain any other extracts. Isolates are usually ground into powder, and unlike other CBD products, they’re subject to additional processing for extra refinement.

Broad-spectrum CBD products are a third option. They’re similar to full-spectrum products in that they contain several cannabis extracts, but they rarely include THC. Because of the entourage effect, broad- and full-spectrum CBD products are some of our most popular.

 

The Farm Bill Legalized Hemp at the Federal Level

Cannabis and its derivatives, such as CBD and THC, are still illegal under United States federal law. [1] However, in December 2018, President Donald Trump signed the Farm Bill into law. The bill amended the Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946 to permit the production of hemp and its derivatives.

CBD and products taken from hemp are now legal at the federal level, while products derived from other cannabis varieties are still illegal. Therefore, it’s important to know the differences between hemp and other types of cannabis.

The Farm Bill defines hemp as cannabis plants with no more than 0.3% THC by dry weight. [2] Any plant or derivative with more than 0.3% THC is not classed as hemp, making it illegal under federal law.

 

State and Federal Rules

Under the Farm Bill, the USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) regulates the production of hemp in this country. However, the details of these regulations were only recently defined. In March 2021, the USDA’s rules on hemp production finally went into effect. [3]

In line with the Agricultural Marketing Act and the Farm Bill, states have the right to implement rules on the commercial production of hemp. However, the Department of Agriculture must pre-approve these regulations, including those put into effect before the Farm Bill. When states lack plans of their own, the USDA is allowed to regulate production in those areas.

 

How the FDA Views Hemp-Derived CBD Products

The Food and Drug Administration classifies CBD as an active ingredient. [4] However, it has approved one product—Epidiolex, a CBD-based drug that’s used to treat seizures arising from the rarest forms of epilepsy. This drug underwent extensive testing before it was released, and it’s under the strict oversight of medical professionals.

The FDA is extremely concerned about companies marketing CBD products for medical and therapeutic uses without prior approval. While the Food and Drug Administration recognizes the potential benefits of CBD-containing products, they’ve yet to confirm their effectiveness and safety.

In the past, the FDA has reprimanded companies that marketed their products for therapeutic use. However—like other evolving industries—gaps exist between regulatory enforcement and industry practice. With today’s social, health, and industrial considerations in mind, the Food and Drug Administration is seeking input from stakeholders in efforts to refine its viewpoint toward hemp-derived CBD products.

 

The FDA and Cannabidiol—Will Things Ever Change?

In May 2019, the FDA held a hearing on the scientific data about cannabis and its derivatives. [5] At the hearing, more than 100 experts in the healthcare, retail, distribution, and agriculture sectors offered their opinions on the FDA’s stance on hemp, cannabis, and the distribution of their derivatives. Most of the discussion was focused on the Food and Drug Administration’s regulation of CBD products derived from hemp.

The 2019 hearing had two main themes: consumer safety and financial opportunity. The wide availability of CBD products was a major topic of discussion, and multiple panelists reported cases where hemp products contained excessive levels of heavy metals, pesticides, and mold. Other speakers focused on products that made unsubstantiated claims and had misleading labeling. Those in the hemp industry highlighted its economic potential, stating that fair regulations would bring new economic opportunities to farmers while ensuring consumers’ safety and health. Some stakeholders reiterated the importance of global competition—during research and development and at the retail level.

The Food and Drug Administration is going into uncharted territory as far as the regulation of hemp-derived CBD products is concerned. Many of the hearing’s attendees stressed the importance of such regulations. As the public becomes more interested in cannabidiol products, low-quality offerings will flood the retail market. With additional research, the FDA plans to address those concerns and create reasonable, science-backed policies on hemp-derived CBD products.

 

What the Future May Bring

The United States government has taken a different approach to hemp-derived cannabidiol and products that contain it. Recently, the FDA stated that they plan to do more research, obtain additional data, and solicit public health and safety input to inform their policy decisions while protecting public health, maintaining incentives for drug development, and creating the administrative record required to support the implementation of new regulations.

From the looks of it, the Food and Drug Administration is moving toward a more lenient regulatory system that permits the sale of currently restricted products to the public. However, until the details of these rules are clarified, sellers are forced to navigate a complex regulatory landscape. You can count on the team at Earthy Now to offer the best selection of federally legal CBD products.

References

[1] https://www.ncci.com/Articles/Pages/Insights-2021-Marijuana-Legalization-Update.aspx

[2] https://www.ams.usda.gov/sites/default/files/HempExecSumandLegalOpinion.pdf

[3] https://www.ams.usda.gov/rules-regulations/hemp

[4] https://www.kkblaw.com/fda-addresses-the-use-of-cbd-as-an-inactive-ingredient-in-two-warning-letters-addressed-to-companies-selling-topical-otc-drug-products-with-cbd/

[5] https://www.fda.gov/news-events/speeches-fda-officials/remarks-dr-sharpless-fda-public-hearing-scientific-data-and-information-about-products-containing

What Is the Difference Between Delta-8 vs. Delta-9 vs. Delta-10?

Most cannabis users alive today can easily remember a time when tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) was just THC. The cannabinoid is well-known for being the primary psychoactive component found in marijuana and, in very small levels, hemp plants, but that was the end of the story.

More recently, an increase in rigorous scientific experimentation has uncovered some interesting news. It turns out, not all THC is created equal. Now, chemists and serious cannabis enthusiasts alike are talking about various delta varieties of THC and how they could provide more targeted therapeutic and recreational benefits.

The three best-known THC variants are delta-8, delta-9, and delta-10. People looking for new cannabinoid products to try often find themselves confused by the differences between these three extracts, but they don’t need to get frustrated or overwhelmed. Instead, read on to find out about the key differences between delta-8, delta-9, and delta-10 THC before purchasing that next extract.

Understanding the Basics

Before discussing the varying strength levels and effects of these three popular forms of THC, let’s take a moment to discuss the name changes. To chemists, it’s all pretty straightforward. THC is the base structure. Additional molecules can be added, removed, or rearranged from it to create what are known as unique isomers, in this case, delta-8, -9, and -10 (1).

Since these THC isomers share the same base structure, they tend to affect people in very similar ways. Each of them follows the same metabolic pathways to arrive at the body’s endocannabinoid receptors, where all the unique isomers still bind to CB1 receptors. There are, however, some differences in how the structure of each THC isomer interacts with the CB1 receptors, so while the effects of all the delta iterations are similar, they’re not identical.

Delta-8 in Detail

Now that cannabis users understand the basics of how the three isomers are formed, it’s time to take a look at how they stack up. Most people view delta-8 as one of the calmer THC isomers. It is usually derived from hemp instead of marijuana, and its effects closely resemble a milder version of those associated with Indica cannabis strains.

Though some people view delta-8 THC as being more like CBD, it does have some of the psychoactive effects of delta-9 THC, the stronger of the isomers more commonly found in high concentrations in recreational marijuana. The psychoactive effects are, however, less pronounced.

Delta-8 THC contributes to the entourage effect without inducing a full-blown psychoactive experience, allowing users to get the benefits of THC while maintaining a clear-headedness not typically associated with more potent THC products (2). Delta-8 is also more stable than delta-9, meaning that it won’t degrade as readily into CBN. It’s also legal in most states, even those that do not have provisions for medical or recreational marijuana.

Delta-9 in Detail

The delta-9 THC isomer is what most people think of as “regular” THC. It creates far more potent psychoactive effects and is more often extracted from marijuana than hemp (3). As a result, delta-9 THC is only legal in states that have legalized marijuana.

The effects of delta-9 THC are more variable than those of the delta-8 isomer. They are strongly impacted by the mix of other cannabinoids and terpenes found in the strain. It can be harder for users to predict their responses to delta-9 THC.

Delta-9 THC is also responsible for most of the reported side effects of marijuana use, including anxiety, paranoia, and the infamous munchies. It also creates stronger cognitive impairments, which can be a problem for those who use cannabis products to support wellness in their daily lives.

Delta-10 in Detail

While cannabis manufacturers and many consumers have been aware of the delta-8 isomer for several years, delta-10 is a newcomer on the scene (4). It occurs only in minute amounts, which means it can’t be extracted as easily as delta-8 or delta-9 variations.

Like delta-8 THC, the delta-10 isomer is extracted from hemp, not marijuana. As a result, it’s legal in most states, though it can lead to failed drug tests since most tests can’t differentiate between the different THC isomers. Effects-wise, though, the two isomers are quite different.

The effects of delta-10 THC are said to be more uplifting and less calming than those of the delta-8 isomer. For those used to the more “traditional” delta-9 variation of THC, some of the effects of delta-10 will feel familiar, if more subtle. It can induce a state of increased creativity, energy, and focus but doesn’t come with the paranoia or spaciness associated with delta-9 THC.

Frequently Asked Questions About the THC Isomers

Since researchers and manufacturers have only recently begun to isolate different isomers of THC, most people aren’t very familiar with what they are or how they work. Cannabis enthusiasts who want to learn a little more about delta-8, -9, and -10 isomers can read on to find answers to some of consumers’ most frequently asked questions.

Are These Newly Discovered Isomers Safe?

Since all three THC isomers are so close in structure, the body responds to them in similar ways. All three forms of THC are generally tolerated well by most people, especially in small doses. While they are generally considered safe, it’s important for consumers to purchase extracts only from reputable vendors willing to release certificates of analysis (COAs) for all of their products.

Will THC Isomers Show Up On Drug Tests?

Though modern drug tests are designed to look for signs of delta-9 THC, they cannot distinguish between the different isomers. Even delta-8 or delta-10 extracts derived from hemp can still cause users to fail drug tests.

Are the THC Isomers Legal?

In states with legal medical or recreational marijuana, all forms of THC are legal to buy, possess, and consume. Delta-8 is also legal in most states where marijuana products remain illegal, with a few exceptions. Currently, delta-10 resides in something of a gray area (5).

Final Thoughts

There has never been a better time to start using cannabis. The proliferation of different extracts, including THC variations, gives consumers more control than ever over what kinds of experiences they will have when using hemp and marijuana products. Feel free to experiment within the bounds of legality, but make sure to buy extracts only from reputable vendors.

References

10 Great Wholesale Hemp Shopping Tips

As cannabidiol products move into the mainstream, manufacturers and retailers pop up daily. The world’s interest in hemp is growing, as is the demand for CBD products. If you believe that hemp products should be more widely available, or if you’d simply like to get in on the ground floor, you might wonder how to start. Finding a trusted supplier is one of the most important steps a seller can take, and in this guide, we’ll offer 10 common sense tips for hemp retailers.

Learn About CBD

Although most people who enter the market know what CBD is, it’s still important to understand the basics before starting. CBD, also known as cannabidiol, is just one of hundreds of compounds found in hemp plants. People have used cannabis, both medicinally and recreationally, for thousands of years. Although marijuana plants do contain CBD, the products sold today are taken from hemp—a closely related plant.

Choose Quality Products From a Reputable Brand

Now that you’re looking for wholesale products to sell in-store or online, you might feel compelled to make a quick decision. However, not all products are created equal, which means it’s important to know where your CBD is coming from. To achieve success and sell reliable products to consumers, you’ll need to find top-grade CBD from the best hemp distributor.

Although numerous wholesale CBD sellers are in the business, not all offer quality products. When extracts are taken from or contaminated with imported hemp, you’ll end up with an impure, low-quality product that’s hard to sell. Finding quality wholesale hemp is crucial to a brand’s success, and here are a few tips to keep in mind before making a purchase.

Consider the Hemp’s Origin

The quality of a CBD product depends largely on the origins of the plants from which it is derived. Hemp, like many other plants, heals the soil by removing toxins and heavy metals. [1] To create a pure product, choose extracts from clean plants grown in rich, unpolluted soil.

Earthy Now is transparent about the origins of its products, and we gladly make this information available to our customers. While many manufacturers economize by using cheap imported hemp, we believe in the quality of our ingredients. We only offer CBD products sourced from domestically grown hemp.

Go With Organic Products When Possible

Using chemical fertilizers and pesticides during the cultivation process may also bring undesirable ingredients into a CBD product. Before purchasing CBD on the wholesale level, ensure that it is organic and cultivated without harmful chemicals.

Select Products Made in GMP Certified Manufacturing Facilities

When choosing products for resale, it’s crucial to choose those made in GMP-certified facilities. GMP, or Good Manufacturing Practices, is a set of rules that ensures the safety and quality of hemp products. [2]

Ensure Farm Bill Compliance

Hemp and CBD products are legal only if they contain 0.3% THC or less. While many retailers claim that their offerings are hemp-derived, a 2020 FDA report showed that half of all CBD products contained more than the allowable amount. [3] When buying wholesale CBD, be sure that it’s compliant with the Farm Bill, or it may expose your customers to legal liabilities and physical side effects.

Look for Third-Party Tested Hemp Products

Any company can declare that its products are of high quality, but not all claims are accurate. When looking for wholesale CBD products, discernment is essential. There’s no way to prove the purity of a product, or that an extract has as much CBD as claimed, without third-party testing. Suppliers should include COAs (certificates of analysis) from licensed third-party laboratories to confirm products’ THC and CBD content.

Evaluate the Need for Full- and Broad-Spectrum Products

Now that you’ve found a wholesaler, you may wonder which type of cannabidiol is the best to buy. CBD products have varying cannabinoid profiles—while some contain the compound in its purest form, others contain THC as well.

Full-spectrum products contain all the active compounds found in cannabis, including up to 0.3% THC. Many users opt for full-spectrum products because of the entourage effect, which is a belief that cannabinoids are more potent when consumed together.

Broad-spectrum cannabidiol products have all the same terpenes and cannabinoids, except for THC. A person wishing to benefit from cannabis compounds without the psychoactive effects of THC should choose a broad-spectrum product.

Look at Isolates

As implied by the name, a CBD isolate is the compound in its purest form. In a CBD isolate, you’ll find only cannabidiol, without terpenes, THC, or other cannabinoids. Isolates are commonly found in capsules, drinks, edibles, tinctures, topicals, and more. Many retailers purchase wholesale isolates for resale, to boost the CBD level of products containing distillates, or for resale.

Learn About Other Hemp Products

Aside from full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate CBD products, there are a few other options to consider, such as:

  • CBD crude. These concentrates contain high levels of CBD and other compounds. It’s unfiltered, so it may taste strong, but it’s a great addition to numerous products.
  • CBD distillates. With a viscous consistency and a potent, yet tasteless nature, distillates are popular for use in edibles and beverages.
  • CBD crumble. This concentrated extract has a waxy consistency and contains up to 99% CBD. Many sellers buy it on the wholesale market to resell for dabbing.
  • These products can be made with CBD extracts or bought in bulk for resale. Tinctures are simple to consume; just a drop or two under your tongue allows for fast absorption into the bloodstream.
  • Any food that’s infused with cannabidiol, from hard candy to honey, is an edible. The CBD ingested in edible form takes much longer to reach the bloodstream than that found in tinctures.
  • Capsules and softgels contain a pre-measured dose of cannabidiol. Because they move through the digestive tract, softgels may take a bit longer to show results, but their effects last longer.
  • These products are great for those who want to apply the active ingredient to the skin. Creams, moisturizers, lotions, salves, and oils can be created from extracts or bought for resale.
  • Like cartridges containing THC, CBD vapes are an easy, discreet solution.
  • CBD pre-rolls. Essentially, these are joints made with hemp rather than marijuana.
  • CBD flower. Cannabidiol flower is derived from hemp buds, which contain less than 0.3% THC. Dry flower can be consumed in vaporizers, pipes, or as a rolled cigarette.

No matter the scale you’re working on, we offer bulk hemp products to suit your production needs. View our selection online or contact us for more details.

Get Started

At Earthy Now, we’re proud to offer competitive pricing. All our hemp products are organic, affordable, pure, and federally compliant. From seed to harvest, we focus on quality at every stage of the production process. Call us toll-free or browse our selection today. We’re proud to have you as a member of the family!

References

[1] https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-features/can-hemp-clean-up-the-earth-629589/

[2] https://ispe.org/initiatives/regulatory-resources/gmp/what-is-gmp

[3] https://www.foodandwine.com/news/cbd-products-fda-tests-cbd

What Are Shopping Secrets for Wholesale Hemp Customers?

Having the option to buy hemp wholesale is appealing to consumers. Hemp is in high demand. The many medicinal properties and the plethora of ways people can use it have made it a popular product to buy wholesale. It’s easy to find hemp in most health and wellbeing stores, but it is easier to buy it online. One of the primary uses for hemp at present is in the manufacturing of CBD oil. CBD oil is one of the most sought-after products.

At present, CBD oil is generating around $730 million in revenue. Thus the demand for wholesale hemp has blossomed to life. As with any product, there are shopping secrets that ensure top-quality hemp is purchased from reliable and trustworthy sources. As the demand for hemp is so high, wholesale suppliers are selling sub-par products at an extortionate price.

Picking The Best Quality Item

The quality of the item will determine the success of the hemp upon distribution. If you want to shop for wholesale hemp now, it’s important to get to grips with the various qualities of hemp. Investing in poor-quality hemp will have a direct impact on any potential profits generated.

Most people use hemp to make CBD products. CBD products sell far better when it is full-spectrum. Full-spectrum basically means there are multiple cannabis extracts, giving users access to a broader range of benefits. Different cannabis extracts bring various benefits. Earning the most profits through wholesale hemp requires full-spectrum products because consumers want the best of the best.

Full-spectrum products are far more versatile in their use and advantages. It will contain better cannabinoids, minerals, nutrients, fiber, protein, and much more. Full-spectrum products are more desirable for people wishing to seek medicinal benefits from their hemp products.

Cost VS Quality

Every industry is dominated by cost VS quality. Consumers want to know that they’re getting the best value for money and not being overcharged for the quality of the product. 47% of shoppers agree that they would rather pay more for a better quality product. Bear this in mind when considering whether to spend a few extra dollars on wholesale products.

It’s far easier to market a top-quality product and sell it rather than a poor-quality product. There are ways of determining the quality of a product before purchasing. Here are some key things to look out for:

Laboratory Tested

Many dishonest sellers are buying wholesale hemp products from the likes of China at a low price that will then sell it wholesale at an incredibly high price. Verify that you’re purchasing legitimate hemp products by requesting to see laboratory testing reports.

Most reputable hemp companies perform their testing in-house, but even if they have used a third-party testing source, laboratory results should still be provided upon request.

Assortment

The broader the range of products, the more likely that they are of high quality. Wholesalers who sell hemp products amongst others, such as clothing, for example, are often not the most reliable. The most reliable wholesale hemp sellers are the ones that only sell hemp products.

Contrast the assortment against other wholesale distributors to ensure the best deal is being offered. An adequate description of the product is also essential, including the strength and location of harvest.

Strengths

Consider the strength of the product before purchasing. There are a variety of different hemp products on the market, all of which should have different strengths and strains. As mentioned above, some CBD products require full-spectrum strains; and some people prefer individual strains.

Where Was the Hemp Produced?

Hemp can grow all over the world. There are indoor growing facilities that provide the perfect environment. There isn’t one set location that people grow hemp. However, the location of where the hemp grows plays a factor in the quality. Hemp produced in a factory in China is most likely going to be of poor quality in comparison to hemp grown.

The optimal condition for hemp to grow is a mild climate with a humid atmosphere with at least 25-30 inches of rainfall each year. Sadly, 33% of all hemp is grown in China. That makes it the largest export of hemp products in the world.

Smooth Shipping

Consumers demand a smooth shipping process. Products sent from inside the US tend not to pose a problem. However, products arriving from China may come with import fees and an unwanted shipping charge. The hemp industry, in particular CBD products, is in such high demand that poor shipping options are not good for business.

The likes of Amazon have pioneered same-day delivery, which has reinforced consumer’s desperation to have products as quickly as possible. Offer reliable and rapid shipping options to maximize revenue.

Consider The Target Market

There are hemp products that sell better than others. To understand the target market, look at what competitors are selling and what the trending products are. CBD oil is by far the best-selling CBD product, along with CBD gummies and topical products. It’s crucial to consider the different groups of people in the specific market being targeted.

For example, there was once a time when hemp products were a prohibited substance for athletes, but anti-doping authorities removed it in 2017. If your target market is athletes, the product must have below the minimum requirement of THC.

Reviews Are Gospel

Before buying any wholesale product, reviews should be requested if they’re not already on display. Reviews give an insight into the quality of the product and how it can be used in various applications. Reviews are the chance to see the positives and negatives of every product. Often there is a variety of both, and sometimes it’s important to take negative reviews with a pinch of salt.

If a product has an overwhelming number of positive reviews and a few negatives sprinkled in, it’s most likely a great product. The more reviews there are, the more legitimate it makes the seller. Aim to purchase a product with hundreds of reviews.

The hemp industry is huge, generating billions of dollars worldwide. Investing in wholesale hemp products is a viable business opportunity for anyone. Take the time to find high-quality products, and find a demand to supply.

What Is More Effective? Cannabis or Botanical Derived Terpenes

Each cannabis strain has a unique aroma and flavor that sets it apart and delights its fans. Cannabis plants have compounds called terpenes that are responsible for scents and flavors and other benefits. Terpenes are also found in many other kinds of plants.

 

Terpenes can be extracted from cannabis and other plants and then added to tinctures, oils, ointments, beverages, and edibles to provide enhanced benefits. However, there is an ongoing debate about the pros and cons of cannabis-derived terpenes vs. plant (botanical) derived terpenes.

 

Purists in the cannabis community argue that plant-derived terpenes offer a richer experience. Advocates for botanical-derived compounds contend that they are less expensive, unquestionably legal, and can be used to replicate the terpene ratios of most cannabis strains.

 

How Terpenes Affect the Body

Terpenes can include scents that energize, soothe, or simply create a pleasant atmosphere. But their impact on the body is not limited to sensory delights. The compounds work with other cannabis molecules to produce various beneficial effects. (Weedmaps, 2021)

 

Research shows that terpenes strongly impact the human body. They affect the brain’s neurotransmitters and receptors and can even mimic some antidepressants. Terpenes  provide benefits typically associated with cannabis use, including pain and anxiety relief.

 

The Entourage Effect

A terpene that has been extracted from a non-cannabis plant and added to a product provides many of the benefits associated with cannabis. Terpenes extracted from cannabis plants include trace amounts of compounds that may assist in producing desired effects.

 

This is known as the entourage effect and has been the subject of numerous cannabis studies. Essentially, the entourage effect occurs when a specific group of cannabis compounds in terpenes produce a more powerful impact on the body than a single compound.

 

Cannabis purists generally feel that the entourage effect is crucial and are likely to believe that the Best Cannabis supplier is one that offers full-spectrum products. Full spectrum means that products contain lots of cannabinoids, essential oils, various cannabis plant extracts, terpenes, cannabinol, and other compounds.

 

Terpenes Are Common in the Natural World

It is no coincidence that the aroma and flavor of cannabis strains often replicate other plants and fruits. Terpenes are found in dozens of fruits and vegetables and are responsible for various plants’ unique scents and flavors. (Mayfield, 2018) Research into terpenes is still in the early stages, but there are ongoing studies and evidence of their benefits.

 

Common terpenes that are present in cannabis and other plants include:

Caryophyllene

Found in hops, rosemary, cloves, and cannabis, caryophyllene has an unmistakable herbal aroma. It is associated with pain relief and has anti-inflammatory properties.

 

Myrcene

One of the most prominent terpenes in cannabis, myrcene is known for an earthy scent that is typical of most cannabis plants. Myrcene is very relaxing, is often used as a sedative, and can help reduce pain.

 

Pinene

Pinene is very common in nature and famously found in conifers, particularly pine trees. It has a distinctive pine scent that is associated with certain cannabis strains. Pinene is often used to help with memory retention and to increase energy. It is also used as a bronchodilator.

 

Limonene

Another terpene that is everywhere in nature, limonene, is found in citrus fruits and has a crisp, citrusy scent. Limonene is frequently added to cleaning products.

 

Limonene has an energizing effect and is known for its antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and stress-relieving properties. (Schmidt, 2019)

 

Cannabis Derived Terpenes

Secreted by plant glands, cannabis terpenes are oils that give plants their intense flavors and scents. The quality and quantity of each plant’s terpenes can be influenced by factors that include fertilizers, climate, soil, and maturation.

 

Terpenes extracted from cannabis plants include trace amounts of other compounds. While this combination may increase their efficiency, there is also a chance for antagonistic reactions.

 

Some members of the cannabis community feel that terpenes extracted from cannabis offer the best aroma and experiences. However, it is difficult to produce cannabis-derived terpenes that provide consistent results.

 

So many things affect cannabis terpenes, it is almost impossible to duplicate generations of plants with similar terpene makeup. (Botanical Terpenes vs. Cannabis-Derived Terpenes, 2021)

 

Botanical Derived Terpenes

Botanical-derived terpenes extracted from plants other than cannabis are becoming very popular. Extracting them is cost-effective, and manufacturers can use a single formula to recreate each product.

 

Because many plants have higher volumes of terpene than cannabis, botanical-derived terpenes have a bolder taste and scent. When producers can add higher volumes of terpenes to concentrates, the viscosity improves. That makes products more convenient for vaping.

 

Terpenes extracted from plants also allow for more innovation. For example, companies can re-create older strains that no longer grow naturally.

 

There is also the question of legality. While it is legal to buy terpenes online, products may be affected by various regulations, depending on the source plants. In some cases, cannabis-derived terpenes could be considered illegal, while botanical-derived terpenes are unquestionably legal.

 

Botanical Terpenes vs. Cannabis Derived Terpenes

While dozens of products now contain either plant-derived or cannabis-derived terpenes, the debate about which is superior continues among customers and members of the cannabis community. Examples of each side’s arguments include:

 

Pros and Cons of Cannabis Derived Terpenes

Pros:

  • It can provide the most authentic aroma and flavor
  • Cannabis purists question the therapeutic value of cannabis-derived alternatives
  • Purists like to keep related processes in the cannabis family

 

Cons:

  • Difficult to repeat results
  • More expense process that can produce inferior results
  • May contain more than .03% THC, which is illegal
  • Possible reduced purity

 

Pros and Cons of Botanical Terpenes

Pros:

  • Experts can replicate precise terpene ratios
  • Legal
  • Affordable
  • Can be used to create appealing non-cannabis flavors
  • Purer
  • Customers may be eligible for bulk discounts

 

Cons:

  • Might not provide the same authentic experience as cannabis-derived terpenes
  • Adds non-cannabis ingredients to cannabis products, sometimes in very high concentrations
  • May not offer the same level of therapeutic benefits as cannabis-derived terpenes

 

The debate over the effectiveness of cannabis-derived terpenes vs. botanical terpenes is likely to go on for some time, as modernists clash with cannabis purists. Each side has pros and cons. However, customers who buy cannabis products from trusted companies can ensure they are getting safe, high-quality products, regardless of the terpene source.

 

References

Botanical Terpenes vs. Cannabis-Derived Terpenes. (2021, January 14). Retrieved from Terpene Warehouse: https://www.terpenewarehouse.com/blogs/news/botanical-terpenes-vs-cannabis-derived-terpenes

Mayfield, A. (2018, March 21). Terpenes: What the Research Says. Retrieved from Terpenes and Testing Magazine: https://terpenesandtesting.com/category/science/terpenes-research-and-effects/#:~:text=What%20Are%20Terpenes%3F%20Terpenes%20are%20volatile%2C%20aromatic%20oils,works%2C%20and%20how%20they%20play%20off%20each%20other.

Schmidt, E. (2019, October 8). Pros and Cons: Plant-Derived Terpenes vs. Cannabis Extracted. Retrieved from ACS Laboratory: https://acslabcannabis.com/blog/wellness/pros-cons-plant-derived-terpenes-vs-cannabis/#Predominant-terpenes

Weedmaps. (2021, July). Terpenes. Retrieved from Weedmaps: https://weedmaps.com/learn/dictionary/terpenes

 

What Minor Cannabinoids are the Most Popular? (Hint: CBC, CBN, CBG, and THCV)

Cannabinoids are chemical components of cannabis plants that interact with human biology. Nowadays, most people are familiar with the two most common ones: THC and CBD. THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid that causes people to feel high, while CBD is better known for its medicinal properties. However, THC and CBD are only two out of more than a hundred cannabinoids that scientists have been able to identify. Thanks to a growing body of cannabis research, minor cannabinoids are now becoming popular.

 

More On Cannabinoids

Endocannabinoids are cannabinoids that occur naturally in the human body. They are part of the endocannabinoid system, which was named for the marijuana (Cannabis sativa) plant. Endocannabinoids are neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors in the central nervous system, and they seem to play a role in a variety of mind and body functions, including memory, mood, appetite, sleep, and perception of pain. The cannabinoids in cannabis plants bind to the same receptors in the endocannabinoid system,1 affecting the same functions and activities.

 

New Knowledge About Minor Cannabinoids

Thanks to a growth in research on cannabinoids,2 a lot of new information has become available. Not only do scientists have a better understanding of how THC and CBD work in the human body, but they have also discovered a host of other less-prevalent cannabinoids. Although these rare or minor cannabinoids occur in very small amounts, they make important contributions to the overall effect of the plant. They also have unique beneficial properties in isolated form. The following is an overview of the four most popular minor cannabinoids: CBC, CBN, CBG, and TCHV.

 

What Is CBC?

CBC’s full name is cannabichromene, and like CBD, it has no psychoactive effects. Only some plants contain CBC because the conditions that produce it result from a recessive gene. Although CBC is a rare cannabinoid, it is one of the most plentiful non-psychoactive compounds when it does occur. CBC is a product of cannabichromenic acid, which releases carbon dioxide over time or when heated to a high temperature to produce the cannabinoid.

 

Research has mainly looked at how CBC interacts with cannabinoid receptors in the central nervous system. One potential benefit of CBC is that it causes the body to produce more anandamide, a natural endocannabinoid that elevates the mood. In addition, some animal studies have demonstrated that CBC reduces pain and inflammation. CBC has also been shown to inhibit the growth of gastrointestinal tumors in mice.3 One more potential benefit of this cannabinoid is that it improves the function of a certain type of neural stem cells, and it may be a key to preserving brain health and cognitive function.

 

What Is CBN?

Cannabinol, or CBN, is a chemical that results from the degradation of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and is mainly found in cannabis that has been harvested and stored for a while. Exposure to air and light causes the tetrahydrocannabinolic acid in cannabis to convert to a different type of acid, cannabinolic acid. Over time, cannabinolic acid will shed carbon dioxide and convert to CBN. Like THC, CBN has a psychoactive effect, but it is very mild.

 

Though there is as yet little research on this cannabinoid, some studies suggest that it may be useful as a sleep aid for people with insomnia and as a treatment for pain and inflammation. Several studies have also investigated the benefits of CBN for skin conditions, such as atopic dermatitis, and the results so far are promising. This cannabinoid has antibacterial properties as well, particularly as a topical preparation.

 

What Is CBG?

Cannabigerol, or CBG, is a product of cannabigerolic acid, and it forms as the acid sheds carbon dioxide molecules over time. Cannabigerolic acid is also a parent to the two best-known cannabinoids, THC and CBD. Most strains of cannabis contain a small amount of CBG, usually less than 1%, and CBG is most prevalent in strains that are lower in THC. CBG has no psychoactive effects, but it does seem to interact with human biology in some positive ways.

 

For one thing, CBG protects nerve cells from degenerating. In a study of mice with Huntington’s disease (a neurological disorder), CBG slowed the death of neurons in the animals’ brains.4 Research has also demonstrated that CBG has antibacterial properties and is even effective against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus area (MRSA), a drug-resistant bacteria. As a treatment for pain and inflammation, CBG is similar to aspirin and ibuprofen, but it is much gentler on the stomach than those drugs. Other possible therapeutic uses include treating skin irritation, reducing eye pressure in glaucoma patients, and stimulating the appetite.

 

What Is THCV?

THCV is tetrahydrocannabivarin, a cannabinoid that is found mainly in Cannabis sativa strains. Like THC, THCV is a psychoactive compound that produces a high. The two cannabinoids are also both biphasic, meaning that the effects vary according to the dosage. However, THCV is different from THC in several ways.

 

For one thing, while THC stimulates the appetite, THCV is an appetite suppressant. In addition, THCV has the potential to make the mind sharper by protecting neurons from degradation. One study revealed that the cannabinoid had an antipsychotic effect on rats.5 Scientists are looking into the possible benefits of THCV for people with Alzheimer’s or other forms of dementia.

 

The Entourage Effect

Each of these cannabinoids is available in isolated form. An isolated cannabinoid is pure, and its effects target specific concerns, like these High-Quality CBD Products. In the plant, however, cannabinoids, terpenes (essential oils), and other components interact. For example, when users smoke or vape marijuana, the memory-boosting terpene pinene can counteract the memory impairment that THC often causes. In addition, the presence of CBN can enhance the sedative effects of THC. This phenomenon is known as the entourage effect.6 Cannabinoid blends can mimic the entourage effect to some extent.

 

Final Thoughts

Though CBC, CBN, CBG, and THCV are all relatively rare, they have a significant impact on the effects of the whole plant, and they have unique beneficial properties in isolation. Chances are, these and other minor cannabinoids will continue to grow in popularity as scientists and consumers learn more about them.

 

References

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5877694/
  2. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2021/05/30/1000867189/after-50-years-u-s-opens-the-door-to-more-cannabis-crops-for-scientists
  3. https://www.healtheuropa.eu/cannabinoids-cbc-and-cbg-exhibit-anti-tumour-properties-on-cancer-cells/97058/
  4. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25252936/
  5. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4337703/
  6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7324885/

Can Pets Take CBD?

Everyone is talking about cannabidiol (CBD) worldwide. It has become a worldwide natural wonder that everybody wants a piece of. Millions of people religiously take CBD and swear by its benefits. There are plenty of studies to back it up too. People are so fascinated by CBD that there are thousands of studies, all coming to similar conclusions.

In humans, CBD is proven to treat epilepsy fits, anxiety, and even acne. Most people are familiar with the main incredible benefits humans get when taking it, but not many are sure whether it is safe for their pets to take it. There are CBD gummies, CBD oil, or even CBD lotions, but are any of them safe?

The first thing to clear up is that yes, pets can and do take CBD. The Anti-Cruelty Society deems it safe for all pets as there are no known toxicity levels. Plus, there is no THC which is the active psychedelic found in marijuana, so there is no chance of your pets walking round high. Like humans, our pets benefit so much from CBD when used alongside a healthy animal diet. This short read will discuss some of the benefits and when a pet should take CBD.

 

The Top Benefits for Pets Taking CBD

It might interest you to know that all mammals have an endocannabinoid system (ECS) which scientists discovered in the 1990s. Although research on ECS is still in its early stages, we know it plays a role in a mammal’s bodily functions. Sleep, memory, inflammation, fertility, and mood are just some of the bodily functions the ECS helps to maintain. It basically helps to keep the body in a healthy balance.

It is known that CBD affects the ECS, and the ECS is connected to the nervous system and other bodily functions such as the inflammatory response. Although research into the benefits of CBD in pets is only just taking off, there are plenty of interesting peer-reviewed studies to read. For this reason, it is important to remember the results of CBD vary, and a lot of the most exciting data is from pet owners reporting the benefits of giving CBD to their animal babies. The benefits top three reported benefits are:

 

Pain and Inflammation

Like mentioned, CBD affects the nervous system, which also triggers inflammatory responses and pain. So, it is no wonder that one of the biggest hypes is the benefits of giving an animal CBD and reducing pain and inflammation. CBD helps to stimulate and regulate the production of a chemical called anandamide. An increase in anandamide is associated with reduced pain signals inside an animal’s brain.

Cannabinoid receptors found in CBD also target areas of the body experiencing pain and may help relieve some of it. This is great news for any senior dogs who are finding life and their limbs a little bit more painful. Aging dogs can experience excellent benefits from CBD.

Like our joints, an aging dog feels the stresses and strains of the many years spent on its four paws and is prone to conditions like arthritis. CBD can help to relieve some of the inflammation arthritis brings. No matter what the reason for pain or inflammation, CBD can help.

 

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is nearly always inherited, although there are other causes. The use of CBD and epilepsy has been well studied in humans, and more recently, in animals. You might have seen a video or two circulating the internet of a beloved pet having a fit, and after just a few drops of CBD, the fitting begins to ease off.

Studies have shown that a full-spectrum CBD product works well with drug-resistant epilepsy patients. Researchers at Colorado State University completed a study using CBD as a treatment for epilepsy in dogs, and 89% of dogs that received CBD had a reduction in seizures. Successful studies make excellent progress towards the formal certification for using CBD as a medical treatment for animals.

 

Anxiety and Sleep

Some pets have bad separation anxiety, in particular, dogs. Some have sleep problems, either due to pain or anxiety. They are like us humans in a way. The studies into the relationship between CBD and anxiety are still in the early stages, but many pet owners report amazing benefits. One interesting study tested stress levels in rats when faced with a cat, a rat that had regular doses of CBD displayed fewer signs of anxiety.

It is worth remembering that CBD works best to reduce anxiety when taken over time. So, it is best to give it as a daily supplement if your pet suffers from anxiety regularly. The fact that CBD can positively impact so many bodily functions and responses, it is no wonder why it has such a great impact on sleep. Pets are generally more settled and calm when having CBD as a regular supplement to a healthy diet.

 

When Your Pet Should Start Taking CBD

CBD is most effective when being used as a daily supplement. There is no evidence to suggest what the correct dose should be, and it is advised that you consult a vet before starting your pet on CBD. Products such as the Earthy Now CBD gummies that are available for retailers or as wholesale come with administration instructions. Most products will!

You may want to see how you get on with trial and error to begin with. If your pet is suffering severely from inflammation and pain, they may need more than a normal healthy pet would. If you notice that your pet is becoming too sleepy and their mood is changing dramatically, you might be giving them too much CBD. If you don’t want to give your pet CBD daily, giving it as and when is also ok.

 

Conclusion

CBD is the up-and-coming product, and your pets can now even enjoy and get all the wonderful benefits. CBD can easily be implemented into a normal healthy diet, and you will find that your pet gets excited to take it. Try CBD with your pet today and see if you notice the benefits!

A Brief Legal History of Hemp: Prohibition + Racism?

In today’s America, hemp production is legal for both textile use and CBD extraction. The majority of states have provisions in place for medical marijuana, and many have already legalized recreational cannabis use. It’s now possible to purchase quality Hemp from anywhere in the US, and the government officials from both sides of the aisle are seriously considering ending its prohibition on marijuana for the first time since it began.

 

While all of these changes have come as a welcome cause for celebration to cannabis users across the country, it’s important not to ignore the legal history of hemp, cannabis prohibition, and its racist past. It’s only by learning from the mistakes of the past that America can move forward on a more equitable footing.

The Early Days of Hemp in the United States

In the 1800s, there were no federal regulations regarding the sale, possession, or use of any form of cannabis. Hemp fibers were commonly used to make everything from paper to rope, and even clothes. The use of marijuana as a recreational or medicinal drug wasn’t widespread, but it wasn’t prohibited. As early as 1876, doctors were advertising ointments that took advantage of the therapeutic benefits of cannabis for treating conditions like dropsy1, and no one even considered the idea that it could create any kind of social harm.

The Racist History of Prohibition

It wasn’t until the early 1900s, when Mexican immigrants began fleeing the political unrest in their country by moving to the United States, that people began talking about cannabis use as a social ill. The Mexican immigrants brought with them cannabis plants, and the cultural practice of smoking marijuana, or “marihuana,” as it was spelled at the time.

 

Even the change in appellation from the plant’s scientific name, cannabis, to the Mexican Spanish word marihuana is believed by many to denote the racist history of cannabis prohibition2. Sensational headlines about the purported social ills of marijuana started to appear in newspapers, and people began associating cannabis use, quite unfairly, with increased rates of crime and social deviance.

Reefer Madness

While not all cannabis users are aware of the racist motivations underlying the decision to ban marijuana in the United States, most have at least heard of the seminal propaganda film that preceded the move. Reefer Madness, a sensationalist film depicting teenagers smoking marijuana for the first time before going on to destroy their lives, was released in 19363.

From that point forward, the media portrayed marijuana as a gateway drug and drew increasingly frequent and malicious connections between cannabis use, violence, and insanity, often drawing on racist tropes to reinforce them in the popular consciousness. The very next year, the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 was passed, paving the way to decades of injustice4.

Harry Anslinger’s Racist Policies

Henry Anslinger was the first commissioner of the United States Treasury’s Federal Bureau of Narcotics, where he served from 1930 to 1962. It was Anslinger, an avowed racist, who signed the Marihuana Tax Act into law and began to use it to punish the Black and Brown men who grew, sold, and smoked cannabis at the time. Anslinger played on the racist stereotypes held by many white Americans at the time to sell a story that marijuana was a menace to society5, garnering popular support for its prohibition.

 

Given the motivation behind the passing of the Tax Act, it should be unsurprising to learn that it was not applied equally to all Americans. Black Americans were three times as likely to be charged for violating the Act than white people, and Mexicans were almost nine times as likely to be arrested for marijuana possession, sale, and use6. The situation became even more severe when the Boggs Act was passed in 1951, establishing mandatory sentencing for drug convictions7.

The War on Drugs

Anslinger’s Marihuana Tax Act was in place for over 40 years, until 1969 when it was overturned for being unconstitutional. Unfortunately, the decision to overturn the 1937 Act directly coincided with the election of Richard Nixon, the president responsible for beginning the War on Drugs. Given that Nixon took advantage of Anslinger’s groundwork to argue for increased prohibition, it should come as no surprise that this policy was also designed with explicitly racist intent8.

 

The War on Drugs was never about public health and safety. It was always a tool used for political gains. In Nixon’s case, that meant cracking down on Black and Brown dissidents and the political left. Other presidents have used the same law for similar purposes in every decade since and now, drug offenders, most of whom are people of color, account for one in every five prison inmates in the US penal system9.

Cannabis Prohibition and the Prison Industrial Complex

It’s no coincidence that people of color are more likely to be incarcerated for drug offenses even though levels of drug use are highest among white college students10. People of color have long outnumbered their white peers in prisons and jails across the country, and it’s due to the racist history and contemporary practices of the police and the prison industrial complex11.

The Contemporary Landscape and How to Move Forward

Keeping prisons full puts more money in the government’s pockets at the expense of Black and Brown families, and the American taxpayers. The War on Drugs allows police to arrest and incarcerate people of all backgrounds for minor crimes that do not confer a negative social impact. The only way to reverse these trends is to take a careful look at prohibition and the penal system as a whole to root out racism and ensure fair, equitable access to both cannabis products and jobs in the industry as legalization pushes forward.

References

  1. https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/88244991
  2. https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2013/07/14/201981025/the-mysterious-history-of-marijuana
  3. https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0028346/
  4. https://ssdp.org/blog/the-awful-legacy-of-the-marihuana-tax-act-of-1937-and-what-you-can-do-to-end-it/
  5. https://fee.org/articles/the-racist-roots-of-marijuana-prohibition/
  6. https://www.businessinsider.com/racist-origins-marijuana-prohibition-legalization-2018-2
  7. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0096144217731339
  8. https://www.businessinsider.com/nixon-adviser-ehrlichman-anti-left-anti-black-war-on-drugs-2019-7
  9. https://www.prisonpolicy.org/reports/pie2020.html
  10. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2377408/
  11. https://digital.lib.washington.edu/researchworks/handle/1773/40822